Last Modified: April 21, 2011

"We [Mn/DOT] consider CSD a philosophy and set of principles we try to integrate in project development." —Scott Bradley, Mn/DOT

"CSD is a way of doing business in support of Mn/DOT's Vision.It is Mn/DOT's policy to use a context sensitive approach to create excellence in project development... an approach that incorporates design standards, safety measures, environmental stewardship, aesthetics and community sensitive planning and design. This supports a Mn/DOT Vision "To develop a coordinated transportation network that provides safe, user-friendly access and movement, and responds to the values of Minnesota citizens."

CSD is about our legacy and future. Mn/DOT is one of 5 CSD pilot state DOTs selected by FHWA in 1999 to further develop CSD initiatives, training and outreach that could be shared nationally. Mn/DOT was selected in recognition of an exemplary project development process and success in developing many notable and award-winning projects that uniquely met the needs of users, stakeholders, communities and the environment... while leaving a positive and lasting public works legacy.

CSD is about accountability and responsiveness. CSD is about building relationships, alliances and trust with stakeholders to improve project delivery processes, outcomes, quality and cost-effectiveness. Early and continuous public and stakeholder involvement can help identify and resolve problems and value conflicts that might otherwise cause costly and time consuming project delays and rework cycles later on. Avoidance of delays and rework cycles contributes to process streamlining and cost-effectiveness. Building alliances also affords opportunities to achieve more with less by co-creating opportunities to partner with resources and responsibilities.

CSD is about design flexibility and balance. The past impacts of the expanded highway and interstate system on communities and the environment have prompted recognition of the need for broadly informed and carefully considered measures of design flexibility to attain public and stakeholder consent to move forward in building projects needed for system preservation and improvement. A commitment to institutionalize CSD philosophy and principles in project development can help ensure that we are not only "Moving Minnesota" safely and efficiently, but also in balance and harmony with the natural, social, economic and cultural environment.

Related or dependent processes
The value and effectiveness of CSD (as a philosophy and commitment to apply CSD principles) applies to all aspects of Mn/DOT's functions, processes, project development, operations and maintenance that involve accountability with public and stakeholder expectations and cost participation policy. The linkages and CSD dependence are probably best illustrated by the 6 CSD principles that Mn/DOT advocates:

  1. Balance safety, mobility, community and environmental goals in all projects.
  2. Involve the public and affected agencies/stakeholders early and continuously.
  3. Address all modes of travel.
  4. Use an interdisciplinary team tailored to project needs.
  5. Apply flexibility inherent in design standards.
  6. Incorporate aesthetics as an integral part of good design.

Key players external to Mn/DOT
Mn/DOT's application of CSD has widespread interest and expectations among the general public and external agency/stakeholder organizations (FHWA, Natural & Cultural Resource Agencies & Regulators, Elected Officials, MPOs/RPOs, Local Governments and Communities, Affected Industries & Businesses, Consultants, Advocacy Groups, Etc.). It would be harder to identify listings of individuals and organizations that might not have an interest in CSD from a supporting, partnering or adversarial perspective."

CSS Contact:

Scott Bradley
Landscape Architecture Chief
Mn/DOT Design Services Section
395 John Ireland Blvd.
St. Paul, MN 55155-1899
(Ph) 651-366-4612

DOT Website:
CSS Website:

Policies & Legislation:
Documents related to CSS Programs:
Other Public Involvement Techniques:
  • Hear Every Voice: a Guide to Public Involvement at Mn/DOT
    Describes the background used in developing the guide along with public involvement's role in planning and project development. It includes case studies and tools to assist the state transportation professionals in selecting public involvement techniques.
CSS Projects (in addition to those listed as Case Studies on this site):

Contact Scott Bradley, Mn/DOT

CSS Training:
"Mn/DOT has a CSD training program and curriculum, and has offered 3-day, 2-day and 1-day CSD curriculums (12 CSD Workshops from May 2000 thru May 2004) that have trained approximately 500 professionals both internal and external to Mn/DOT. Workshop size is limited to no more than 60 participants to facilitate interactive break out group applications of what is learned to real case studies. As a CSD pilot state, Mn/DOT developed the CSD curriculum in partnership with FHWA and the University of Minnesota Center for Transportation Studies (CTS) with the use of sub-consultants (Charleen Zimmer - Zan Assoc, SRF). Training materials are available on-line at the CSD website hosted by CTS:
CSS Manuals:
Last Modified: April 21, 2011

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