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Excerpt Icon Alternatives Development: Engaging Stakeholders in Identification of Alternatives
"Engage stakeholders in alternative identification. This is the most creative part of the project development process, in which sets of solutions are crafted in response to the problem statement and the evaluation criteria. Alternatives are generally... more
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Report 480: A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions,2002
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Excerpt Icon Considering Scale
People driving in a car see the world at a much different scale than people walking on the street. This large discrepancy in the design scale for a car versus the design scale for people has changed the overall planning of our communities.
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Context Assessment
In order for a designer to be sensitive to the projects surrounding environment, he or she must consider its context and physical location carefully during this stage of project planning. Some of these issues to be considered are; the physical... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Cross-Section Elements: Introduction
Cross-section elements define the highway right-of-way. This section describes each element and related factors effecting the design of the roadway.
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Cross-Section Elements: Lane Width
"The width of travel lanes is limited by the physical dimensions of automobiles and trucks to a range between 2.7 and 3.6 m (9 and 12 ft)." Surrounding context and speed are factors determining the necessary minimum lane width.
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Cross-Section Elements: Transit
"Highways operate as truly multimodal transportation facilities, particularly in large urban areas. Accommodating public transit and other high-occupancy vehicles (HOVs) is an important consideration. On one end of the scale, this may involve... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Cross-Section Elements: Travel Lanes
"The number of lanes needed for a facility is usually determined during the concept stage of project development. It is usually the number of lanes necessary to accommodate the expected traffic volumes at a level of service determined to be... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Decision Points
The CSD/CSS Project Development Process includes a recommended set of decision points. These points are related to federal requirements under NEPA as well as state and local regulations.
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Report 480: A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions,2002
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Excerpt Icon Design of Cross-Section Details
"The design of all elements of the highway cross section adds greatly to its appearance. Design details include the design and width of the median and traffic barriers and the selection of plant material. All these elements contribute to the theme... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Develop decision process
The purpose of developing a decision process is to ensure complete and accurate identification of the problem, selection of the best alternative, enhancement of agency credibility, and efficient use of resources in short, to ensure that good... more
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Report 480: A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions,2002
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Excerpt Icon Implementation: Maintaining Communication through Construction
An extensive outreach program should continue during construction in order to address stakeholder interest and to communicate any changes in the project.
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Report 480: A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions,2002
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Excerpt Icon Inventory Tools
Most scenic resource inventory work is done on walking or road surveys. These are the standard tools used to record information in the field.
Scenic America,
from Evaluating Scenic Resources
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Excerpt Icon Planning for Implementation
Implementation planning involves integrating the selected public involvement activities into the total project scope, schedule, and budget, and obtaining final buy-in from management.
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Report 480: A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions,2002
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Excerpt Icon Problem Definition: Confirming and Refining Problem Definition
Initial project decisions begin with development of a list of the transportation problems to be addressed by a project.... The list of problems can then be transformed into a comprehensive need statement. It is critical for this statement to reflect... more
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Report 480: A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions,2002
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Excerpt Icon Project Development
After a project has been planned and programmed for implementation, it moves into the project development phase. The basic steps in this stage include the following: refinement of purpose and need, development of a range of alternatives (including... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Right-of-Way, Construction and Maintenance
Maintenance post-construction, involvement of design team in the implementation phase.Once the final designs have been prepared and needed right-of-way is purchased, construction bid packages are made available, a contractor is selected, and... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Road Width
The design element with the greatest effect on the scale of the roadway is its width, or cross section. Elements (or a lack of elements) along the roadside also contribute to the perceived width of the road and can even affect the speed at which... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Article Icon Scenic Quality Criteria
This excerpt from Evaluating Scenic Resources illustrates five scenic quality criteria. It features photos of built and natural environments along with rating scales to show how one can appropriately describe scenic resources.
Scenic America,
from Evaluating Scenic Resources
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Excerpt Icon Sidewalks and Pedestrian Paths
"[Sidewalks accomodate] pedestrians along the traveled way ... [and they are] equally important as the provision for vehicles ... The sidewalk can either be placed flush with the roadside edge ... or next to a buffer area, such as a planted strip,... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon The Most Important Law of the 20th Century
"The 91st Congress enacted the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), considered by many to be the most important law of the 20th century. ...In tandem with NEPA, the 91st Congress also added a new subsection ...focusing on design criteria... more
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from Context-Sensitive Design: Will the Vision Overcome Liability Concerns?
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