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Excerpt Icon Alternatives Development: Engaging Stakeholders in Identification of Alternatives
"Engage stakeholders in alternative identification. This is the most creative part of the project development process, in which sets of solutions are crafted in response to the problem statement and the evaluation criteria. Alternatives are generally... more
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Report 480: A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions,2002
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Excerpt Icon Context Assessment
In order for a designer to be sensitive to the projects surrounding environment, he or she must consider its context and physical location carefully during this stage of project planning. Some of these issues to be considered are; the physical... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Creating and Implementing a CSS Measurement Program
A comprehensive CSS measurement program should be a program that draws on process and outcome measures, and includes both a project-level and an organization-level focus may include a considerable number of measures.
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Document 69: Performance Measures for Context Sensitive Solutions - A Guidebook for State DOTs,October 2004
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Excerpt Icon Cross-Section Elements: Curbs
There are two types of curbs: barrier and mountable. Both in urban and suburban environments curbs serve functions such as drainage control, roadway edge delineation, and right-of-way reduction.
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Cross-Section Elements: Traffic barriers
"The purpose of the barrier... [is] to minimize the severity of potential accidents involving vehicles leaving the traveled way where the consequences of errant vehicles striking a barrier are less than leaving the roadway....A wide variety of... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon CSS Measurement Program Framework
A CSS performance measurement framework boils down to finding the right balance across two simple parameters, 1) measurement of project-level versus organization-wide factors, and 2) measurement of processes versus outcomes.
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Document 69: Performance Measures for Context Sensitive Solutions - A Guidebook for State DOTs,October 2004
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Excerpt Icon Detailing the Design
Particularly during the final design phase, it is the details associated with the project that are important. Employing a multidisciplinary design team ensures that important design details are considered and that they are compatible with community... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Develop decision process
The purpose of developing a decision process is to ensure complete and accurate identification of the problem, selection of the best alternative, enhancement of agency credibility, and efficient use of resources in short, to ensure that good... more
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Report 480: A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions,2002
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Excerpt Icon Insights on CSD/CSS
Extended definition of context sensitive design and context sensitive solutions.
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Report 480: A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions,2002
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Excerpt Icon Management Structure: Developing a Public Involvement Plan
Steps to developing a public involvement plan.
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Report 480: A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions,2002
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Excerpt Icon Organization-Wide Measures
For many DOTs, performance in program-wide areas of vital importance, such as system preservation or safety, is routinely measured using organization-wide performance measures based on data collected across the agency.
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Document 69: Performance Measures for Context Sensitive Solutions - A Guidebook for State DOTs,October 2004
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Excerpt Icon Problem Definition: Confirming and Refining Problem Definition
Initial project decisions begin with development of a list of the transportation problems to be addressed by a project.... The list of problems can then be transformed into a comprehensive need statement. It is critical for this statement to reflect... more
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Report 480: A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions,2002
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Excerpt Icon Project Development
After a project has been planned and programmed for implementation, it moves into the project development phase. The basic steps in this stage include the following: refinement of purpose and need, development of a range of alternatives (including... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Project-Level Measures
The CSS principles mentioned earlier, after all, have their roots in the delivery of individual projects. Furthermore, measurement can initially be piloted on a small subset of projects. Project-level measures provide valuable feedback to... more
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Document 69: Performance Measures for Context Sensitive Solutions - A Guidebook for State DOTs,October 2004
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Excerpt Icon Right-of-Way, Construction and Maintenance
Maintenance post-construction, involvement of design team in the implementation phase.Once the final designs have been prepared and needed right-of-way is purchased, construction bid packages are made available, a contractor is selected, and... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon The Most Important Law of the 20th Century
"The 91st Congress enacted the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), considered by many to be the most important law of the 20th century. ...In tandem with NEPA, the 91st Congress also added a new subsection ...focusing on design criteria... more
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from Context-Sensitive Design: Will the Vision Overcome Liability Concerns?
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Excerpt Icon Tips for Getting Started
By now readers will understand that this guidebook advocates a rigorous CSS measurement framework that focuses on the processes and outcomes of CSS implementation, at both the project- and organizational-levels. Full realization of such a framework... more
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Document 69: Performance Measures for Context Sensitive Solutions - A Guidebook for State DOTs,October 2004
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Excerpt Icon Tort Liability, Design Exceptions, and Risk Management and Overview of Tort Issues
In tort liability, agencies are faced with defending their actions such as design decisions in the face of lawsuits stemming from traffic crashes. Six principle issues must be resolved in court.
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Report 480: A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions,2002
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Excerpt Icon Types of Highway Improvement Projects
There are four basic types of physical improvement projects, some of which must comply with standards and others that do not have to comply. These types of improvement projects are discussed in the following paragraphs.
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Visualization
Visualization techniques are used to assist in the decision regarding design choices and can be anything from renderings to photo-simulations.
Transportation Research Board (TRB),
from NCHRP Report 480: A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions,2002
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