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Excerpt Icon Context Assessment
In order for a designer to be sensitive to the projects surrounding environment, he or she must consider its context and physical location carefully during this stage of project planning. Some of these issues to be considered are; the physical... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Cross-Section Elements: Bicycles
"Bicycles are...a viable mode of transportation..., both for commuting and recreation." Bicycles can use a shared lane, a wide outside lane, a regular designated bicycle lane, a shoulder or a multi-use path according to the specific context and... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Cross-Section Elements: Clear Zones
A clear zone is "the unobstructed, ... flat area provided beyond the edge of the traveled way for the recovery of errant vehicles ... The width of the clear zone is influenced by ... traffic volume, design speed of the highway,and slope of the... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Cross-Section Elements: Curbs
There are two types of curbs: barrier and mountable. Both in urban and suburban environments curbs serve functions such as drainage control, roadway edge delineation, and right-of-way reduction.
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Cross-Section Elements: Landscape Design and Plants
Landscape design is an important element to help mitigate nuisances and help the roadway fit the surroundings. Goal of landscape design is to provide vegetation to improve aesthetics and safety, lower constructions costs and create enough visual... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Cross-Section Elements: Medians
"Depending on agency practice and specific location requirements, medians may be depressed, raised, or flush with the surface of the traveled way. Medians should have a dimension that is in balance with the other elements of the total highway cross... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Cross-Section Elements: Shoulders
"Shoulders increase safety and highway capacity and provide a place for pedestrians and bicyclists when no sidewalks are provided.... The treatment of shoulders is important from a number of perspectives, including safety, the capacity of the highway... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Cross-Section Elements: Traffic barriers
"The purpose of the barrier... [is] to minimize the severity of potential accidents involving vehicles leaving the traveled way where the consequences of errant vehicles striking a barrier are less than leaving the roadway....A wide variety of... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Cross-Section Elements: Transit
"Highways operate as truly multimodal transportation facilities, particularly in large urban areas. Accommodating public transit and other high-occupancy vehicles (HOVs) is an important consideration. On one end of the scale, this may involve... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Cross-Section Elements: Trees
"An important aspect of roadside landscape design is the treatment of trees ... Integrating trees into the design of a facility has many advantages. Trees provide a visual edge to the roadway that helps guide motorists. Trees also add to the... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Cross-Section Elements: Utilities
Public utilities are a often overlooked but important element of crossection design. "Overhead utilities typically include electric, telephone, and cable television. For new construction in urban areas, electric, telephone, and other... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Final Design - Basics
Having a multidisciplinary team can assist in establishing a design theme for the road or determining the existing character of a corridor that needs to be maintained. Design consistency from the perspective of physical size and visual continuity is... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Organizing to Carry out the Work
A project is best carried out with organized steps including; creating a task force and a technical staff, determining how to reach decisions, keeping a schedule, clear communication, and ultimately, to understand needs without predetermining the... more

from When Main Street is a State Highway,2002
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Excerpt Icon Road Width
The design element with the greatest effect on the scale of the roadway is its width, or cross section. Elements (or a lack of elements) along the roadside also contribute to the perceived width of the road and can even affect the speed at which... more
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Smart Growth - Transportation Guidelines: The Transportation Plan
"Transportation plans consider the regional attributes and impacts of transportation alternatives and choices on air quality and other factors affecting quality of life."
Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE),
from Smart Growth - Transportation Guidelines: An ITE Proposed Recommended Practice,2003
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Excerpt Icon Stages of Highway Development
Description of five steps of highway development
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon The Approach
Todays sponsors of transportation improvements consider functionality, safety, and cost but the many concerns of a wide collection of stakeholders, and an extensive range of environmental, cultural, and community issues.

from When Main Street is a State Highway,2002
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Excerpt Icon The Community and Growth
Marylands growth initiative is not simply a collection of anti-sprawl measures, it embodies the fundamental understanding that identity is not built with new structures, it is discovered in the strengths of the structures we have.

from When Main Street is a State Highway,2002
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Excerpt Icon Tort Liability
Tort liability: definition and procedures according to AASHTO Green Book, federal highway and state regulations. Impact of tort liability procedures on innovation.
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA),
from Flexibility in Highway Design
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Excerpt Icon Understanding Community Needs
The community needs vary from one issue to the net, but the underlying ideas are life safety, livability, balancing the function of the improvement with the form of the improvement, and building awareness and better perceptions.

from When Main Street is a State Highway,2002
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