By "suburban" we mean areas that are defined as metropolitan areas that are lower density than cities and where land uses are often auto-oriented and segregated. However, suburban areas also encompass pre-World War II smaller towns and cities, as well as mixed-used activity centers.
Article / Paper / Report
Street Standards and the Shaping of Suburbia
The current surge in interest in reassessing the physical form of the American suburb is heightening awareness of the physical and social impacts of local street design. Yet one hundred and fifty years of ideology are so thoroughly embedded in the making if suburban streets that challenges to traditional street layouts and design usually meet with outright rejection. How did the design process and built environment become so dependent on certain regulations and criteria? The historical evolution of suburban residential street standards is traced here through a review of professional and technical publications, as well as historical precedents. Urban designers, planners and engineers should work together to develop street designs that are more responsive to the diverse users of street and to varied social and geographic settings.