People talk a lot about community, but what does it really mean?
"The definition of community requires consideration of both people and place. The people might include the total population of any geographic place or one or more identifiable smaller groups of people. Sometimes a community might include people outside the geographic place."
Here are some factors to help define community:
Sense of place: Geographic setting or natural/physical boundaries, standards of living, political jurisdictions
Sense of community: Social interaction, common ties, mutual satisfaction of needs, and often a shared space
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Community Culture and the Environment: A Guide to Understanding a Sense of Place
Jobs, mobility, economic prosperity - these are the kind of benefits that we
usually attribute to transportation. But there's a lot more to say about the
good transportation does, not just for today, but far into the future. Good
things for the environment, for historic preservation, and for the way we enjoy
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officals
Danville-Riverside Bridge and Approach - Pennsylvania Danville-Riverside, PA
The project involved replacement of an existing two-lane Parker Through Truss bridge built in 1904 spanning the Susquehanna River, with a new 1,440 foot-long bridge with weathered steel haunched girders. The approach to the old bridge from Danville was on Mill Street, the center of the town's downtown commercial area. The final alignment for the new bridge on this side of the river directs traffic under two blocks of the West Market Street Historic District one block west of Mill Street, creating a 320 foot-long cut and cover structure before transitioning onto the four-lane Continental Boulevard which links to other major traffic routes. The lessons learned in this project process have helped shape PENNDOT's evolving pro-active effort to involve stakeholders earlier and more meaningfully in project planning, design and development.
US route 6-Brooklyn, CT Brooklyn, CT
U.S. Route 6 is the primary regional arterial carrying east-west traffic between Hartford, Connecticut, and Providence, Rhode Island, and it passes through the Town of Brooklyn about half way between the two cities. Problems to be addressed included replacement of the pavement that had deteriorated due to heavy truck traffic, improvements to the alignment to address safety problems, and improvements to the cross section to facilitate safe operations. Connecticut DOT staff used visualization techniques for one of the first times to help depict designs and discuss alternatives with the townspeople.
The Most Important Law of the 20th Century "The 91st Congress enacted the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), considered by many to be the most important law of the 20th century. ...In tandem with NEPA, the 91st Congress also added a new subsection ...focusing on design criteria relating to social, economic, and environmental effects." During the debate, Senator Randolph explained that provisions were expanded to implement the "belief that highways should enhance communities rather than degrade them."
Context-Sensitive Design: Will the Vision Overcome Liability Concerns?
Article / Paper / Report
Environmental Justice and Transportation: Building Model Partnerships Community Workshop Proceedings
The Environmental Justice and Transportation workshops addressed a wide range of issues, including the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the FHWA NEPA, Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, environmental justice guidance, equity analysis, performance measures, regional transportation planning and decision making, air quality and public health, transportation investments, public transit, and public involvement.
"Highway projects can be designed with imagination, creativity, and collaboration to preserve and enhance the character and quality of a community without sacrificing transportation mobility and safety."