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Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety

Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety
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The call for more walkable, livable, and accessible communities, has seen bicycling and walking emerge as an 'indicator species' for the health and well-being of a community. People want to live and work in places where they can safely and conveniently walk and/or bicycle and not always have to deal with worsening traffic congestion, road rage and the fight for a parking space.

Article Icon Improving Conditions for Bicycling and Walking
"Encouraging more people to walk and bicycle, and to do so safely involves actions at federal, state, and local levels. The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA) provided broad eligibility to use federal funds for these projects."
--  Association of Bicycle and Pedestrian Professionals
Rails to Trails Conservancy

Website Icon Website Accessible Pedestrian Signals: Synthesis and Guide to Best Practices (opens in a new window)
This online guide is an interim product for NCHRP Project 3-62, Guidelines for Accessible Pedestrian Signals, which is being carried out under a contract with The University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center under the direction of David L. Harkey (Principal Investor). It provides background information on how pedestrians who are blind or visually impaired cross streets, and how Accessible Pedestrian Signals assist this process.
--  Pedestrian and Bike Information Center
Article Icon Article / Paper / Report Accommodating Bicycle and Pedestrian Travel
"The call for more walkable, livable, and accessible communities, has seen bicycling and walking emerge as an 'indicator species' for the health and well-being of a community. People want to live and work in places where they can safely and conveniently walk and/or bicycle and not always have to deal with worsening traffic congestion, road rage and the fight for a parking space... ...The challenge for transportation planners, highway engineers and bicycle and pedestrian user groups, therefore, is to balance their competing interest in a limited amount of right-of-way, and to develop a transportation infrastructure that provides access for all, a real choice of modes, and safety in equal measure for each mode of travel."
--  U.S. Department of Transportation
Article Icon Article / Paper / Report Pedestrian Safety: Analyses and Safety Measures- Report 148
"Walking and cycling are about 7 to 8 times more dangerous per person kilometer than is travel by private car, whereas travel by private car is more dangerous per trip than walking ... Based on a literature study and analyses of Danish pedestrian accidents a list of attained and estimated safety effects for pedestrains ... is presented."
-- Danish Road Directorate, Vejdirektoratet
Article Icon Article / Paper / Report Promoting Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety to Hispanic Audiences
The U.S. Federal Highway Administration and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration have released a report that describes a plan for marketing pedestrian and bicycle safety to different Hispanic populations in the United States. The report includes materials in different formats that were developed to be used to promote pedestrian and bicycle safety issues in the Hispanic community.
--  Federal Highway Administration
Article Icon Article / Paper / Report Fair Share for Safety
"...bicyclists and pedestrians are over-represented in traffic fatalities: while 10 percent of trips are made on foot or bicycle, 13 percent of traffic deaths are pedestrians and bicyclists. Yet federal transportation safety dollars are doing little to make it safer for people to walk and bicycle. On average, states are spending less than two percent of their federal safety funds on projects to improve bicycle and pedestrian safety."
-- America Bikes
Article Icon Article / Paper / Report Traffic Safety Facts 2002
"In the United States, more than 47,000 bicyclists have died in traffic crashes since 1932. In 2002, 662 bicyclists were killed in traffic crashes ... [T]hese deaths accounted for 2 percent of all traffic fatalities ...[The good news is] the number of bicyclist fatalities in 2002 was 8 percent lower than the fatalities reported in 1992."
--  National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Article Icon Article / Paper / Report Context Sensitive Solutions in Large Central Cities
In June, 2003, the Rudin Center for Transportation Policy and Management hosted a peer-to-peer exchange to lay a foundation for dealing with the state of the practice and processes related to context sensitive solutions, and to identify specific examples that could be used as benchmarks for lessons learned and best practices in large central cities. Examples were drawn from Boston, Los Angeles, Minneapolis, New York, and Philadelphia.
--  Rudin Center for Transportation Policy and Management
Mid-block Crosswalks: Bridgeport Way, University Place, WA
University Place, WA
Bridgeport Way is a busy boulevard with a very thin median. Many of its crosswalks are signal controlled with high quality signs, markings and pavings, and lighting.
New York City, Mulry Square
New York, NY
Sidewalk extensions, reconfigured crosswalks, and additional greening of the area have helped transform this intersection that was known for pedestrian accidents and high-speed turns. Sidewalk extensions were painted on the street in the short term and outlined with temporary bollards to test the impact of the recommendations on traffic flow. Once it was clear that the solutions worked, the project was built out in final form, with slate pavers, granite curbs, new crosswalks, landscaping, bollards, and changes in traffic light phasing. Capital construction was completed in 2001.
Crosswalks: Half-signal Crossing, Tucson, AZ
Tucson, AZ
Tucson has the greatest variety of successful mid-block crossings in the nation. Pedestrian actuated half-signals allow pedestrians to cross each section of the street separately.
Mid-block Crosswalks: School Zone in Olympia, WA
Olympia, WA
This school-zone crossing boasts a staggered, paved crosswalk through a nicely planted pedestrian island. Staggered crossings force pedestrians to look right and face traffic before crossing the second portion of the road.
Missoula, MT
Missoula, MT
This bridge treatment provides safe sidewalks separated from the bike lanes by a guard-rail, with four traffic lanes and a raised median.
Town Center of Nakskov, Denmark
Nakskov,
"In the town of Nakskov, a bicycle route network has been established in and around the town center. The project has not only resulted in much better conditions for the cyclists, but has also improved the town aesthetically and given Nakskov its own character."
Bulbouts in Davis, CA
Davis, CA
Planted sidewalk extensions were added by developer of a mixed-use building on C Street near the Farmers Market.
Speed Zone: Dunedin, Florida
Dunedin, FL
"Dunedin's special speed designation emulates the 30 km zone common in several European countries. In addition, there is a diagonal parking on alternating blocks, creating a zigzag pattern that cars must carefully navigate."
Shopping Street in Assens
Assens,
"As part of the 'More Beautiful Streets' project in which the Road Directorate in cooperation with local authorities carry out traffic calming projects with a particular emphasis on the visual environment, the main street in Assens has been converted to a 20 km/h street."
Mid-block Crosswalks: City Place, West Palm Beach, FL
West Palm Beach, FL
City Place has one of the nation's most attractive crossings, with lots of pavers, palm trees and other architectural details. Chicanes on both sides of the road create a tropical island for crossing pedestrians.
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Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety
San Francisco, CA
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Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety
Chicago, IL
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