This section details road-design typologies that can be used to accomplish goals such as encouraging multi-modal use, improving access and mobility, and decreasing vehicle speeds. For example, communities are converting one-way streets back to two-way in order to reduce vehicle speeds and improve access to downtowns and neighborhoods, giving up the advantages of one-way streets in terms of vehicle flow. Major roads and arterials are being retrofitted to include elements similar to traditional urban boulevards in order to encourage more multi-modal use of the road as well as assure that the road is a complement to newly planned development. Because traffic congestion is generally created when local traffic is all funneled onto the same major road, road networks are being created to help improve mobility and access by giving options to drivers, pedestrians with different needs, and bicyclists to avoid a major road.
Road Diets: Four-Lane to Two-Lane Conversions "More aggressive diets drop four lanes down to two. Fewer roadways can undergo this more aggressive conversion. Roadway conversions in Toronto, Ontario, are proving safety and livability benefits of these changes, while holding to previous capacities."  more...
The Urban Network: A Radical Proposal
"California is expected to grow by 12 million people in the next 20 years. Many other states, while not growing as fast, are also experiencing major migrations to suburban areas as much as we may like development to focus on infill and redevelopment, such efforts will only solve part of the growth problem. Even Portland, Oregon, with its urban growth boundary and strong urban design policies, satisfies only 30 percent of its growth with infill and redevelopment."
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Why TND Traffic Systems Work
"Traditional neighborhood development, variously called 'neotraditional' development or 'urban villages' refers to a style of urban or suburban development, evolving since the 1970s, that revisits many of the features of urban neighborhoods of 50 to 10 years ago."
-- Walter Kulash
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Beautiful Roads: A Handbook of Road Architecture
"This handbook contains a number of general and thematic descriptions of good road architecture and [provides a] checklist system in the planning, implementation, and maintenance stages. ...The ambition of this handbook is for road building to be based on a joint understanding of the interrelationship among aesthetic enjoyment, good architecture, good technical quality, and good workmanship, traffic safety, and good economy."