The purpose of the NACTO Urban Bikeway Design Guide (part of the Cities for Cycling initiative) is to provide cities with state-of-the-practice solutions that can help create complete streets that are safe and enjoyable for bicyclists.
The NACTO Urban Bikeway Design Guide is based on the experience of the best cycling cities in the world. The designs in this document were developed by cities for cities, since unique urban streets require innovative solutions. Most of these treatments are not directly referenced in the current versions of the AASHTO Guide to Bikeway Facilities or the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD), although many of the elements are found within these documents. The Federal Highway Administration has recently posted information regarding approval status of various bicycle related treatments not covered in the MUTCD, including many of the treatments provided in the NACTO Urban Bikeway Design Guide. All of the NACTO Urban Bikeway Design Guide treatments are in use internationally and in many cities around the US.
-- National Association of City Transportation Officials
Cross-Section Elements: Bicycles "Bicycles are...a viable mode of transportation..., both for commuting and recreation." Bicycles can use a shared lane, a wide outside lane, a regular designated bicycle lane, a shoulder or a multi-use path according to the specific context and design requirements. Overall there are six main factors influencing the way bicycles are incorporated in a specific road configuration. The six factors are: traffic volume, average motorvehicle speed, traffic mix or balance, on-street parking, sight distance, number of intersections.
Fair Share for Safety
"...bicyclists and pedestrians are over-represented in traffic fatalities: while 10 percent of trips are made on foot or bicycle, 13 percent of traffic deaths are pedestrians and bicyclists. Yet federal transportation safety dollars are doing little to make it safer for people to walk and bicycle. On average, states are spending less than two percent of their federal safety funds on projects to improve bicycle and pedestrian safety."
-- America Bikes
Article / Paper / Report
Accommodating Bicycle and Pedestrian Travel
"The call for more walkable, livable, and accessible communities, has seen bicycling and walking emerge as an 'indicator species' for the health and well-being of a community. People want to live and work in places where they can safely and conveniently walk and/or bicycle and not always have to deal with worsening traffic congestion, road rage and the fight for a parking space...
...The challenge for transportation planners, highway engineers and bicycle and pedestrian user groups, therefore, is to balance their competing interest in a limited amount of right-of-way, and to develop a transportation infrastructure that provides access for all, a real choice of modes, and safety in equal measure for each mode of travel."
Improving Conditions for Bicycling and Walking
"Encouraging more people to walk and bicycle, and to do so safely involves actions at federal, state, and local levels. The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA) provided broad eligibility to use federal funds for these projects."
Association of Bicycle and Pedestrian Professionals
Rails to Trails Conservancy
Bicycle Facilities in San Francisco San Francisco, CA
Bicycle lane at the Embarcadero. San Francisco has an extensive system of bike lanes that go over bridges, through parks, and at the waterfront. Some say that the Golden Gate Bridge trail is one of the premier walks/biking experiences in the world.
Bicycle Facilities in Olympia, WA Olympia, WA
Bicycle lane on a four-lane road with a diverter and a mid-block crosswalk. Olympia has a number of bicycle lanes, traffic calming sensitive adaptations, bridges, and trails.
University Place, WA University Place, WA
Bicycle lanes on a two-lane road feature a planted median and sidewalk with a green buffer. In some locations, bike lanes are also located next to parking lanes. In just five years, University Place went from no bike lanes to over 40 miles including a new waterfront trail and six bicycle-friendly roundabouts.
Santa Barbara, CA Santa Barbara, CA
Santa Barbara has an excellent waterfront trail system, downtown bike lanes, roadway underpasses and other facilities. The waterfront trail features a two-way bicycle lane and a pedestrian walkway, all separated from the road by a raised concrete border. Bicycle lanes are available on State Street downtown, and bicycle racks are installed on commercial streets downtown. Bicycle lanes can also be found next to bus pull-outs at transit stops.
Town Street in Herlev, Denmark Herlev,
"In Herlev a traffic-dominated town street in an area without any special characteristic unity has been converted to a harmonious town space in which the ancient church and the village pond also have been incorporated as significant elements."
Coastal Boulevard "Strandvejen" in Hellerup, Denmark Hellerup,
"The coastal boulevard Strandvejen through Hellerup is a textbook example of a heavily trafficked road where light road users have been given better conditions, among other things by the establishment of bicycle tracks and a central reservation."
"Congress clearly intends for bicyclists and pedestrians to have safe, convenient access to the transportation system and sees every transportation improvement as an opportunity to enhance the safety and convenience of the two modes."