Stakeholders may have concerns about and maintain interest in the details of final design and construction, primarily about mitigation methods and techniques put into place to reduce the impact on communities of project construction. It also is important for agencies to communicate changes to the project that may occur in the post-planning project phase, from changes to the plan, schedule delays, reductions in funding for mitigation or community-desired improvements (or VE), changes to construction detours, and to ensure that "commitments made during the project development process are ...honored during the final design and construction phases of the project."
Demonstration Projects Demonstration projects are an invaluable way of involving communities in the process to develop transportation approaches that can immediately begin to enhance community life. They entail envisioning and implementation of small-scale improvements that can be accomplished in a short time within the community context. more...
Transportation as a Catalyst to Rebuild Communities
"Successfully implementing a solution... "Successfully implementing a solution that was openly arrived at requires great care and a management commitment to follow through. In most agencies, staff assigned to develop the plan are not directly involved in construction. Pilot state staff in many states observed that the hand-off from planning and design staff to construction staff, if not done properly, can result in the negation of carefully developed plans, [relationships], and commitments to stakeholders." more...
NCHRP Report 480: A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions
Right-of-Way, Construction and Maintenance
Maintenance post-construction, involvement of design team in the implementation phase.Once the final designs have been prepared and needed right-of-way is purchased, construction bid packages are made available, a contractor is selected, and construction is initiated. During the right-of-way acquisition and construction stages, minor adjustments in the design may be necessary; therefore, there should be continuous involvement of the design team throughout these stages. Construction may be simple or complex and may require a few months to several years. Once construction has been completed, the facility is ready to begin its normal sequence of operations and maintenance.
Even after the completion of construction, the character of a road can be changed by inappropriate maintenance actions. For example, the replacement of sections of guardrail damaged or destroyed in crashes commonly utilizes whatever spare guardrail sections may be available to the local highway maintenance personnel at the time. The maintenance personnel may not be aware of the use of a special guardrail design to define the "character" of the highway. When special design treatments are used, ongoing operation and maintenance procedures acknowledging these unusual needs should be developed. For example, the Oregon DOT has developed a special set of maintenance procedures for its scenic and historic highways.
Flexibility in Highway Design
Roadway Construction Noise Model (opens in a new window)
The FHWA Roadway Construction Noise Model (FHWA RCNM) Version 1.0 is a Windows-based program that has been developed to assist in analyzing construction noise and addressing community concerns in order to maintain project schedules.